Thousands of years ago, human beings looked to the natural resources of their surroundings to create shelter. Remnants of some of these ancient settlements still exist all over the world as reminders of man’s primitive early life.

One of these is the Italian village of Sassi di Matera, and it boasts an incredible city of cave-like homes that once housed thousands of people. Amazingly, many parts of it are so well-preserved that it was used as a site for the 2004 film, The Passion of the Christ.

Still, at 9,000 years old, one would think it’s completely vacant. But you’d be surprised to find who’s living there…

Located at the heel of Italy’s “boot” lies the ancient village of Sassi di Matera.

Rock City map